|Other Finding Aid||For location information, refer to the Denver Public Library Catalog.|
The executors of Mrs. Johnston's estate donated this collection to the Denver Public Library in 1978.
This collection is open for research. Some audiotapes are restricted until the year 2030 (AV box 3).
Literary rights and copyrights have been assigned to the Denver Public Library.
All requests for permission to publish, reproduce, or quote from material in the collection should be discussed with the appropriate librarian or archivist. Permission for publication may be given on behalf of the Denver Public Library as the owner of the physical item. It is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which also must be obtained by the customer. The Library does not assume any responsibility for infringement of copyright or publication rights of the manuscript held by the writer, heirs, donors, or executors. Reproduction restrictions are decided on a case-by-case basis.
[Identification of item] Velma Johnston (Wild Horse Annie) Papers, CONS80, Conservation Collection, Denver Public Library.
Number of Boxes: 10 boxes; 3 AV boxes; 1 vault envelope; 1 OV photo box
Velma Johnston, also known as Annie Bronn Johnston, Mrs. Charles C. Johnston, and Wild Horse Annie, devoted a large portion of her adult life to the protection of wild horses and burros of the American West. She served as advocate for these previously neglected animals and worked for the passage of legislation to protect them.
After seeing the roundup of wild horses, and the treatment of these animals on the ranges in the 1950s, Velma Johnston devoted herself to allowing these animals to live in the wild without the threat of being rounded up by pet food producers.
Johnston was founder and president of the International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros, which later became Wild Horse Organized Assistance. Through these groups and her personal efforts, Johnston raised public awareness for the protection of wild horses and burros.
Politics were also part of Johnston's strategy. She participated in lobbying efforts that led to the State of Nevada legislation, which outlawed mechanized pursuit of wild horses. She was also part of the campaign that led to the 1959 and 1971 federal ban on mechanized pursuit. The 1959 law was given the unofficial title of "The Wild Horse Annie Law" to reflect her efforts on its behalf.
Velma Johnston continued to work from her Reno, Nevada home until her death on June 27, 1977.
|SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE||
The Velma Johnston (Wild Horse Annie) Papers contain items from the years 1955-1977. Included in this collection is correspondence, meeting minutes, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, photographs, and legal documents. Audiotapes of Wild Horse Advisory Board meetings and motion picture films of events relating to the protection of wild horses form a part of this collection.
The items in this collection provide in-depth information not only about efforts to protect wild horses and burros, but also about Mrs. Velma Johnston. Her correspondence, scrapbooks, and notes provide a glimpse into her thoughts during the height of her interest and influence. Johnston's clipping files and scrapbooks also provide information on those who opposed her views, including some of their justification for elimination of wild horses.
This collection was originally processed in 1981. An extensive finding aid was produced at that time. This collection was selectively indexed for names of persons and organizations.
|SELECTION OF RELATED MATERIAL||
Alan J. Kania PapersCONS219
|SERIES 1 OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE 1957-1976 BOX 1||
This series is comprised of carbon copies of Velma Johnston's outgoing letters. These items are arranged chronologically and indexed by addressee. Included in this series are several letters written for Velma Johnston and signed by Helen Reilly. Wild horse protection efforts, proposed legislation, the use of helicopters in roundups, and other land management issues are mentioned in the correspondence.
|SERIES 2 GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE 1958-1975 BOX 1||
This portion of the collection is divided into two sub series. Letters neither to nor from Johnston comprise the first sub- series. These items are arranged chronologically and indexed by author and addressee. This sub-series is comprised mainly of letters to public officials. The second sub-series is made up of letters sent from governors and members of Congress to citizens who had expressed interest in wild horse protection. These items are arranged alphabetically by author and indexed by author.
|SERIES 3 INCOMING CORRESPONDENCE 1957-1976 BOX 2||
Letters to Johnston make up this series. The letters are arranged alphabetically by author and indexed by the same. Letters from members of seven organizations have been grouped under the organization name. These organizations are: the American Humane Association, Bureau of Land Management, Humane Society of the U.S., National Geographic, National Mustang Association, National Wild Horse Association, and Reader's Digest.
|SERIES 4 MINUTES AND PROCEEDINGS 1967-1976 BOX 3||
This portion of the collection consists of meeting records from various horse and burro preservation groups, mostly the Wild Horse Organized Assistance. These records are arranged chronologically. Sound recordings of meetings are in series 14.
|SERIES 5 NOTES 1955-1976 BOX 3||
This series consists of hand and typewritten notes taken by Johnston from phone conversations, meetings, and general research. These notes are arranged chronologically. Some of these notes are in shorthand and not all are transcribed.
|SERIES 6 UNPUBLISHED REPORTS AND MANUSCRIPTS 1955-1976 BOX 3-4||
Typewritten and mimeographed manuscripts, reports, addresses, petitions, and reminiscences make up this series. Velma Johnston compiled most of these items, which include hand written notes and copies of notes. They are arranged chronologically and selectively indexed.
|SERIES 7 REFERENCE MATERIAL 1960-1977 BOX 5||
This series is made up of pamphlets, brochures, circulars, programs, fliers, and newsletters. These items are arranged chronologically and selectively indexed.
|SERIES 8 FINANCIAL RECORDS 1968-1974 BOX 6||
This series consists of a small number of receipts and vouchers used by Velma Johnston. These items are arranged chronologically.
|SERIES 9 NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS 1949-1976 BOX 6||
This series is comprised of newspaper clippings and photocopies of articles from newspapers and magazines. These items were collected by Velma Johnston, and relate to wild horse protection. Some topics addressed in the clippings include: pending legislation, management and adoption of wild horses, illegal roundups, and opposition from ranchers. These clippings and copies are arranged chronologically.
|SERIES 10 LEGAL DOCUMENTS 1955-1976 BOX 6||
Depositions from the Howe, Idaho roundup investigation and the articles of incorporation of Wild Horse Organized Assistance and International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros make up this series. These items are arranged chronologically.
|SERIES 11 GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS 1955-1976 BOX 6||
Bureau of Land Management publications, copies of legislation, items from the Congressional Record, and an account of Johnston's testimony before Congress form this series. These items are arranged chronologically.
|SERIES 12 MAPS 1966-1972 BOX 6||
This series is comprised of maps of the Pryor Mountain Recreation Area, Montana, Malheur National Forest, and other locations in Nevada and Idaho. These maps are arranged by geographic location.
|SERIES 13 SCRAPBOOKS 1952-1975 BOX 7-10||
Seventeen scrapbooks compiled by Velma Johnston comprise this series. These scrapbooks contain letters, photographs, cards, drawings, clippings, and assorted memorabilia. These items are arranged in two numbered series, generally chronologically, with occasional overlaping dates.
|SERIES 14 AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIAL AV BOX 1-2||
Velma Johnston compiled many images of wild horses and burros, their range land, roundup and mistreatment. These films are in video, 8mm, and 16 mm format. Audiotapes are of Advisory Board meetings.
The remaining tapes and transcripts of personal phone calls are restricted until the year 2030.
|SERIES 15 PHOTOGRAPHS PHOTO OVBOX 1||
Photographs of wild horses, burros, roundups and Velma Johnston comprise this series.
This index was created in 1981 and does not use authority control for personal or corporate names. Reference is to the current box and file folder numbers.