Synchronize with the table of contents  INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION :

PROVENANCE:

In March 1999, the Temple Hoyne Buell Foundation donated the Temple Hoyne Buell Architectural Records.

ACCESS:

The collection is open for research.

OWNERSHIP:

Literary and copyrights - as appropriate - have been assigned to the Denver Public Library. Floor plans for privately owned buildings cannot be copied without written permission from the owners.

PUBLICATION RIGHTS:

All requests for permission to publish, reproduce, or quote from material in the collection should be discussed with the appropriate librarian or archivist. Permission for publication may be given on behalf of the Denver Public Library as the owner of the physical item. It is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which also must be obtained by the customer. The Library does not assume any responsibility for infringement of copyright or publication rights of the manuscript held by the writer, heirs, donors, or executors. Reproduction restrictions are decided on a case-by-case basis.

PREFERRED CITATION:

[Identification of item], Temple Hoyne Buell Architectural Records,WH1397, Western History Collection, The Denver Public Library.

SIZE:

Number of Boxes: 40

AVBoxes: 1

Tubes: 368

Oversize: 1 OVBox, 12 OVFolios, 5 OVFF

Models: 2

Number of PhotoBoxes: 8

Number of OVPhotoBoxes: 5

Number of OVPhotoFolios: 2

LOCATION:

WH1397

PROCESSED BY:

Ellen Zazzarino

Carol Mead

Shane Trost

Chris Basore

1999

REVISED AND ENCODED BY:

Ann Brown

2008

Martin Leuthauser

2009

PROJECT MANAGER:

Ellen Zazzarino

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE :

Temple Hoyne Buell was born in Chicago on September 9, 1895. He grew up in Chicago and attended Lake Forest Academy. Buell graduated from the University of Illinois with a B. S. in Architecture and received a M. S. in Architecture from Columbia University. In 1917, Buell won the Prize of Rome in architecture, but World War I did not allow him to take advantage of the prize.

He enlisted in the army, and attended first officer's training camp at Plattsburgh Barracks, New York. Commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Coast Artillery Corps., he was sent to France. After attending various army schools being organized overseas, he was assigned to the 101st Trench Mortar Battery, 26th Division AEF. After the Battle of Chateau-Thierry, he returned to the U.S. to become adjutant to the Trench Artillery School in Fort Barrancas, Florida. Because he was severely affected by gas in France, Buell resigned from the Army and returned to Chicago in 1919.

Buell worked for the firm Marshall and Fox and later with Rapp and Rapp designing hotels and theaters. He moved to Denver in 1921, because of weakened lungs due to the gassing, to convalesce and spent a year in a sanatorium to recover from tuberculosis. Eventually he returned to work part-time and shortly afterwards launched his firm under the name of Temple H. Buell, Architect. In 1923, the corporation of T. H. Buell and Company, Architects was formed. The firm specialized in design and construction of commercial, public and residential buildings.

During 1921, before relocating to Denver, Buell married Marjorie Callae McIntosh. They had four children, Callae Mackey, Temple Hoyne, Jr., Beverly Milne, and Marjorie Daphne. Their marriage lasted 37 years. In the 1930s, he purchased 192 vacant acres south of downtown Denver and embarked on a project that became Cherry Hills Village. In 1949, he began construction of the Cherry Creek Shopping Center on a former city dump. It was Denver's first modern shopping mall. Buell had purchased the property in 1925, but it took him 24 years of zoning battles and political infighting to begin building what at the time was considered radical architecture. Instead of lining shops up along existing streets, he grouped stores together in the middle of the site and surrounded the complex with parking lots. It is considered one of the first pedestrian shopping malls in the country.

In 1963, Buell married Virginia Bennett Crocker who persuaded him to donate $25 million to the Colorado Woman's College, which was renamed Temple Buell College. Eventually the arrangement broke off and the college reverted to its original name but unfortunately suffered financially and closed its doors several years later. His marriage to Virginia lasted eight years. At the age of 80 in 1975, he wed Sherry Montague. The union did not last.

Buell held architecture licenses in Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Nebraska, Wyoming and Utah. In addition to the architecture firm, he was a partner in the Real Estate Equities Company with Paul Lanius. Buell was a member of the American Institute of Architects, Colorado Society of Engineers, American Society of Engineers, Rotary Club of America, and the Denver Chamber of Commerce. In 1988, the Colorado Chapter of the American Institute of Architects awarded him Architect of the Year, the highest honor.

In addition to many business organizations, Buell was an active member of many community and social organizations including University Club of Chicago, Denver Country Club, Colorado Alumni Association of Chi Psi Fraternity, Columbia Alumni Association, and the Camp Fire Club of America. In 1923, he received the Columbia Alumni Medal. He helped found and served as President of the Cherry Hills Country Club.

The firm, T. H. Buell and Company, Inc. employed approximately 50 architects; site and master planners; structural, mechanical and electrical engineers; draftsmen; construction supervisors; and support personnel. He operated the company in Denver from 1923 until 1989. Temple Buell died in 1990 at the age of 94.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE :

The collection documents Buell's architectural projects from 1919 until 1989. Projects include the Paramount Theater, Cherry Creek Shopping Center, new Customs House, Horace Mann Junior High School, and St. Joseph's Nurses Home. The project documents are organized by type of project such as commercial, school or residential, then in alphabetical order, the same method as the drawings. The documents in file folders correspond to the original order in which they were received.

Many projects do not have documentation in all the following formats: architectural drawings, photographs and documents.

SELECTION OF RELATED MATERIAL :

Temple Hoyne Buell Oral History; OH180-3

SERIES 1 ARCHITECTURAL DRAWINGS 1918-1989 TUBE 1-368 :

Grouped by commercial, school or residential project, drawings are arranged in each group in alphabetical order according to project title. Each architectural project is recorded in sequential order beginning with the preliminary through to the finished working drawings. A few projects are missing or have gaps in the series of drawings. The projects range from one to five tubes. Individual drawing lists include project title, date, and address (if available). Information on each drawing includes; type, scale, size, material, and date.

SERIES 2 ARCHITECTURAL PROJECT DOCUMENTS 1920-1989 BOX 1-39 :

Documents are arranged in three main categories - commercial (including apartment, church, commercial and governmental buildings), school and residential. Within the category, the drawings are arranged in alphabetical order according to project title. The project documents correlate with the architectural drawings. Documents contained in the project files include: correspondence, reports, financial statements, specifications, change orders, plans, newspaper clippings, brochures, proposals, and notes.

SERIES 3 OFFICE DOCUMENTS 1920s-1980s BOX 40 :

Series consists of documents from the general business files. Materials arranged in alphabetical order according to subject and include correspondence, publications, newspaper clippings, promotional literature, and proposals.

SERIES 4 PERSONAL 1920s-1991 BOX 40 :

This series includes newspaper clippings and Buell publications.

SERIES 5 AUDIO-VISUAL 1971, N.D. AVBOX 1 :

Two unidentified 8mm films and one 16mm film of Colorado Woman's College comprise a portion of the series. Also included is a reel-to-reel audiotape of a 1971 Land Use Symposium.

SERIES 6 OVERSIZE 1920s-1980s OVBOX 1, OVFOLIO 1-12, OVFF 1-2 :

This series contains promotional books, architectural drawings, presentation boards, certificates and licenses. Materials include transparencies, photo-collages, scrapbooks and large elevations and perspectives of projects.

SERIES 7 PROJECT MODELS 1988, N.D. 2 MODELS :

Models of the Paramount Theatre and of the Cherry Creek Shopping Center comprise this series.

SERIES 8 PHOTOGRAPHS 1922-1990 PHOTOBOX 1-8, OVPHOTOBOX 1-5, OVPHOTOFOLIO 1-2 :

Photographic materials are arranged in alphabetical order according to project title and include black and white and color: slides, photographs, negatives and transparencies. Images record the projects during construction, site aerials, and exterior and interior shots of completed buildings. Photographs of the project models, illustrations, Temple Buell, and staff included in the collection.

SUBJECT ACCESS :

: SUBJECT ACCESS - :

  • Buell, Temple Hoyne, 1895-1990 -- Archives.
  • T.H. Buell and Company, Incorporated -- Archives.
  • Architects -- Colorado -- Denver.
  • Architectural firms -- Colorado -- Denver.
  • Architecture -- Designs and plans -- Colorado.
  • Architectural drawings.

CONTAINER LIST